21.1 Section Project

From Cold War to Post-Cold War:
After the Cold War, America and the Soviet Union had entered a state of improved relations also called détente. We began selling consumer goods to the soviets again, and things were back to normal again. Until 1979, The détente had obviously collapsed.

The Cold War Intensifies:
The end of the détente was official when the Soviets invaded Afghanistan in 1979. The goal of this invasion was to establish a pro-Soviet regime in Afghanistan. The United States viewed this as an act of expansion and cancelled the US participation in the 1980 Olympics. An embargo was placed on shipments into the Soviet Union. But, the Cold War took an even bigger step when Ronald Reagan was elected president. He was openly hateful towards the Soviets, calling them an evil country. He even took steps to aid the Afghan Rebels.

End of the Cold War:
The Cold War came to a dramatic end with the accession of Mikhail Gorbachev to power. Gorbachev promoted a “New-Thinking” policy. He made an agreement with the United States to end Intermediate-Range Nuclear Missiles. On the other hand, The United States went from one of the worlds biggest creditor Country to one of the many debtor nations. ‘Merica! Gorbachev also took steps to stop military support to Communists which led to the complete (and peaceful) overthrow of the communists and the reunification with Germany.

The Brezhnev Era:
Leonid Brezhnev emerged as the dominant leader of the Soviet Union in the 1970’s. Brezhnev was not very interested in reform, though he was interested in intervening with the communist parties if they were threatened. His way of ruling was much more relaxed than other leaders. Heavy industry was emphasized. There were, however, two main problems that weakening the Soviet economy. These two main problems were the farmers that had no incentive to work hard and the government’s central planing was faulty. The country began to fail. Reformers started to emerge in groups.

Gorbachev and Perestroika:
Gorbachev was among these reformists. His ideas were more centered around radical change. He began with starting a market economy. He soon realized that this was going to fail and switched to a new idea. He established a new Soviet parliament. He also increased his power by creating a new state presidency. In March 1990, Gorbachev became the president of the Soviet Union.

The End Of The Soviet Union:
A major problem for Gorbachev in his presidency was the multi ethical nature of the Soviet Union. Gorbachev began to loosen the iron grip that the Communist Party used to have on the ethnic groups. When he had loosened the grip, ethnic tensions came to the front of his problems.The KGB began to get worried about the Soviet Union collapsing. So, a group of conservatives in the Soviet U. tried to arrest Gorbachev. After a long battle with the rebel group that had emerged to take down Gorbachev, Gorbachev resigned. The Soviet Union had officially dissolved.

The New Russia:
Boris Yeltsin took power after Gorbachev had resigned. He introduced a free market economy. There was a period of social disarray that began a rise to organized crime. After fighting a loosing battle with these criminals, Yeltsin resigned. Vladimir Putin took his place as the next president. Putin adopted a more assertive international rule. Putin also established reforms that slowly let the economy grow.

Ronald Reagan was born on February 6, 1911. Before serving as president, he was actually involved in the film business. He appeared in over 50 hollywood films. He did not actually become involved in politics until 1964. He was elected president in January 1981. He helped expand America’s economy and contributed to the end of the cold war.

Mikhail Gorbachev was born on March 2, 1931. He did not have a very good childhood. He was a young boy during the Soviet Famine. During that time, most of the people in his village and even some family starved to death. He went to university in Stavropol. There he began to get involved on Communism. He began to get involved with real-world politics in 1970. He finally rose to the communist throne in 1985. Eventually, Gorbachev was forced to resign and officially resigned in 1991.

Boris Yeltsin:
Boris Yeltsin was born on February 1, 1931. He went to college at Ural Polytechnic Institute and graduated with a degree in construction. He joined the Communist party in 1961, after being appointed by Mikhail Gorbachev. In an attempt to overthrow the Gorbachev’s policy of “glasnost”, Yeltsin led a coup to the Russain Parliament building and rallied mass opposition, eventually leading to a presidency for Yeltsin. He is often blamed for the downfall for the Soviet Union, poverty, and the ruining of the economy. Others see him as a hero for ending the reign of Communism after 70 years.

Black History Month

The month of February is declared by every U.S. president as Black History Month. Black History Month is an annual celebration of black culture and the achievements of blacks throughout the U.S. This also centralizes the role of African Americans in U.S. history. This began as Negro History Month, the idea by Carter G. Woodson and evolved into Black History Month in 1976. Other countries such as Canada and the United Kingdom also devote a month to this cause.

Fritz Pollard was born in Chicago on January 27, 1894. He played running back for Northwestern, Harvard, and Dartmouth before receiving a scholarship to Brown University in 1915. He led Brown to the Rose Bowl in 1915, becoming the first black to play in the Rose Bowl. Pollard later signed with the Akron Pros and led them to an American Professional Football League (AFPA) championship in 1920. After that, he was named head coach while still playing for the Pros. The AFPA was later named the NFL, making Pollard the first African American NFL head coach.

He coach other teams in Illinois and Milwaukee until the NFL decided to segregate the league in 1926. He formed his own all black team and tried to play NFL teams in exhibition games. He retired in 1937 to pursue a career in business. The color ban in the NFL was lifted after WWII ended, but teams did not become integrated until Bobby Mitchell joined the Washington Redskins in 1962. Pollard passed away in 1986 and was selected for induction into the Hall of Fame on February 5, 2005.




“An Acquaintance with Darkness” Midway Post

“An Acquaintance with Darkness” has turned out to be a thriller! The characters have almost fully developed, and there is an air of suspicion around the entire plot line. So thats enough praising for this part, let’s get to talking about what has happened so far. Let me tell you, there has been alot.

We begin with Emily caring for her sick mother during the end times of the Civil War. She has been visited by her Uncle Valentine, trying to get he to come live with him after her mother dies. She originally had plans and permission to go live with the Surratts when the time comes. Valentine’s offer is rudely refused, and his feelings are hurt about it. Shortly after that, the war ends with a surrender by the Confederates, and Emily’s mother dies. She said that she was just holding out long enough to see the war end. One night, Emily and Annie go to visit her mother’s grave site, and find dwarves trying to dig her up. A mysterious man runs them off, protecting the grave. It turns out to be Uncle Valentine. Emily later begins to pack for moving in with the Surratts, when the unexpected happens.

Grave Robbing
Source: www.theintellectualdevotional.com

President Lincoln has been shot! The main culprit? John Wilkes Booth. Who had been over to the Surratt house many times before the assassination. The takes the Surratt family in investigation. Emily still wants to move in with them, but Uncle Valentine and the Surratts think it would be better to stay away for a while, until the investigation is over. Unhappily, she moves in with Valentine. While there, she meets some of the people that live with her uncle, like Marietta and Robert, whom she instantly despises. The most important guest so far would be Addie Bassett, an old black women who is sick and is being treated. She explains to Emily that her uncle is experimenting and doing things that would be considered unethical, and that she will find out soon enough. She and Robert one day try to go over to the Surratt house to visit, but arrive as soon as the family is being taken away for questioning.

Source: www.abrahamlincolns.com

Emily also begins to go back to Miss Winfred Martin’s School for Young Ladies, and reignites her distaste for the other girls. One girl in particular, Myra Mott, a stuck-up know-it-all, tells Emily some things about Uncle Valentine. He is apparently under investigation of being a body snatcher , and that he signed a right of ownership paper to Emily before she even thought about moving in with him.

These events spark questions in me. What will become of the Surratts and Booth.  Why were the two dwarves trying to dig up Emily’s mothers grave? Is Uncle Valentine really a body snatcher? And what was Addie Bassett talking about when she spoke of Valentine doing experimants and others things unethical?

We’ll all find out soon enough.

Post-Apocalyptic WWI Sites

So lets visualize that the world is about to end and the apocalypse has begin, just in time to ruin your trip to Europe. It gets very hot, fire starts to fall from the sky, and you hear a low, constant rumbling noise, so you grab the closest person and run to the nearest big building. You just happen to be in Bosnia, the city of Sarajevo, and are right next to the street where Archduke Franz (Frances) Ferdinand. was assassinated.

Franz Ferdinand
Source: www.evi.com

The person you’re with asks what this place is, since he noticed how fascinated you are with it, and you tell them that this is where WWI pretty much started. Of course this person knows what WWI is, but he says he’s not very familiar with the details. You begin, “So in 1914, Serbia was having problems becoming an independent nation because of the opposition by Austria-Hungary. A group of Serbian terrorists known as the Black Hand came up with a plan to become free of foreign rule.”

“On the morning of  June 28, 1914, one of the Black Hand conspirators hurled a bomb at the car of the Archduke and his wife,  but it glanced off and exploded on another vehicle. Later that day, Gavrilo Princip, a 19 year old Bosnian serf, succeeded in shooting the Archduke and his wife. Austria-Hungary did not know whether or not the Serbian government, but, with the persuasion of Germany, they declared war on Serbia. With all the treaties in place at this time, a chain reaction of war declarations started, which led to WWI.”


A Preview to “An Acquaintance With Darkness.”

In World History, we are about to begin a project that requires us to read a historical fiction novel. I picked An Acquaintance With Darkness by Ann Rinaldi. I picked this novel because it seemed like an interesting story about one of the darkest times in American History, the time when Lincoln was assassinated, and the great panic of our country afterwards.

At the very beginning, it talks about a woman whose brother was an accomplice to the shooting of President Lincoln. She show much distaste in the Boothe, only because she is afraid for the life of her brother. I have a feeling that this book will be entertaining and riveting in many parts, but can also slightly be monotonous and confusing.

All together, this book seems like a story that will have you reading up until late at night, not wanting to put it down. It has gotten many good reviews. For example, Publisher’s Weekly says, “Fast-paced and dramatic, with a wealth of interesting background information…….. Impressive.” I that doesn’t make you want to read it, then I don’t know what will.

An Acquaintance with Darkness

Source: www.betterworldbooks.com


2013 Goals

So this is my first official blog post of this year, and I will be talking about my academic goals for this calendar year. Mainly, I plan on being more organized with my studies and more up to date with assignments in homework. Last semester, I ended the semester just barely with a B because of a good grade on my mid-term. I’m not just going to be stepping it up it this class, but in all classes that are important (which would pretty much be all of them.).

I plan on achieving these goals by paying more attention in class and not distracting myself at home. Although these MacBooks have made doing work and studying very easy, it can also provide distractions. Student, like myself, get on the internet at home while they are supposed to be studying and will play games, talk to others, and just not get anything done.

At the beginning of the next school, I plan on joining a few clubs. Staying in these clubs will help me broaden my interests and could possibly help me get into a college of my choice. I also plan on taking the ACT and scoring higher than my last score, a 24. In general, this year I plan in staying organized and not distracting myself from anything important in my life.

Source: campustocareer.com